Cystitis, commonly called a urinary tract infection (UTI), is inflammation of the bladder, often caused by a bacterial infection. This common condition can seriously impact a person's quality of life, causing discomfort and inconvenience.
Bacterial infection: Most cases of cystitis are caused by bacterial infection, most commonly Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria.
Women are more likely to develop cystitis because their urethras are shorter, making it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder.
Sexual intercourse can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract.
Hormonal changes during menopause can lead to increased susceptibility.
Urgency and frequency of urination: Frequent urination and urgency of urination are common in people with cystitis.
Discomfort during urination: A burning or painful sensation while urinating is a hallmark symptom.
Urine that is cloudy or has a strong smell
Changes in the appearance of urine: Cystitis can cause urine to be cloudy and have a strong, unpleasant odor.
Pressure or discomfort: Some people may feel pressure or discomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvic area.
Physical exam: A health care provider may perform a physical exam and ask about symptoms.
Urine sample analysis: A urine sample is usually analyzed to detect the presence of bacteria, white blood cells, or other indicators of infection.
Prescription Medications: Bacterial cystitis is usually treated with a course of antibiotics prescribed by a healthcare professional.
Increase fluid intake
The importance of hydration: Drinking plenty of water can help flush bacteria from your urinary tract.
Caffeine and alcohol: Limiting caffeine and alcohol can reduce bladder irritation.
Wipe from front to back: Proper hygiene, including wiping from front to back after using the toilet, can prevent the introduction of germs.
Urinating after sex
After sex: Urinating after sex helps eliminate any bacteria that may have entered the urethra.
Potential benefits: Some people find that cranberry products, such as juice or supplements, may help prevent recurring UTIs.
Chronic cystitis: Some people may have recurring episodes of cystitis that require ongoing treatment.
complicated urinary tract infection
Spread to the kidneys: If left untreated, a urinary tract infection can develop into a more serious infection that may reach the kidneys.
Seek professional advice
If cystitis symptoms persist or worsen, prompt medical attention is crucial. Chronic or recurrent cases may require further investigation to determine the underlying cause and develop effective management strategies.
Cystitis, although common and often manageable, can disrupt daily life. Understanding the causes, recognizing symptoms, and taking preventive measures can help effectively treat and reduce the recurrence of cystitis. Seeking professional guidance ensures accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment, promoting optimal urinary tract health and overall well-being.