黑加侖:用途、益處和營養價值

introduce

Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) is an edible berry grown in different parts of the world, mainly in Europe and Asia. This plant is part of the gooseberry family and comes in many different varieties, including white, red and pink currants. In summer, the shrub produces fruit that, once ripe, turn into glossy purple berries that are edible and used in cooking, drinks, and herbal medicine. Blackcurrants have a strong sour flavor due to the high amount of tannins in them. Dried berries have a sweet taste when eaten and are nutrient-dense berries containing phytonutrients, vitamins, essential fatty acids and minerals, and have the highest antioxidant value.

Nutritional value of black currants:

Listed below are the nutritional values ​​of 1 cup/112 grams of black currants:

vitality 71 kcal
carbohydrate 17.23 grams
protein 1.57 grams
water 91.8 grams
Total fat 0.46g
calcium 62 mg
iron 1.72 mg
zinc 0.3 mg
copper 0.096 mg
magnesium 27 mg
phosphorus 66 mg
Potassium 361 mg
sodium 2 mg
Vitamin C 202.7 mg
Vitamin A 258 International Units
Vitamin E 1.12 mg
Vitamin B-6 0.074 mg
Thiamine 0.056 mg
Riboflavin 0.056 mg
Nicotinic acid 0.336 mg

Characteristics of blackcurrant:

Blackcurrants are known and widely consumed for the following health benefits:

  • It is high in vitamin C and is a powerful antioxidant
  • it may have anti-inflammatory properties
  • It may help strengthen the immune system
  • It may have antibacterial, antiviral and antiseptic potential
  • it may have anticancer effects
  • it may aid in healthy digestion
  • It can improve brain health and cognitive abilities
  • It promotes muscle and bone health
  • it may have antidiabetic effects
  • it may promote weight loss
  • This may be good for lung health
  • It may help improve vision and eye health
  • It may help reduce plaque buildup
  • It may be beneficial for kidney and liver function
  • It may help lower blood pressure and promote heart health
  • It may benefit skin health

Potential uses of black currants:

Blackcurrants are a powerhouse of nutrients, rich in vitamins and antioxidants, low in fat, and packed with numerous health benefits.

Potential Uses of Black Currants as Antioxidants:

Blackcurrants are rich in antioxidants, including anthocyanins, which give the berries their dark color and help fight free radicals in the body. The anthocyanins in black currants may even help slow the development of certain types of cancer. These antioxidants effectively strengthen your immune system, allowing your body to fight off many infections and viruses. Due to oxidative stress, which contributes to many heart diseases, consuming black currants daily may help improve your overall heart health.

Potential Heart Uses of Blackcurrants:

Blackcurrants have flavonoid and strong antioxidant properties that may help maintain cardiovascular health. Blackcurrants are rich in anthocyanins, which reduce total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels while also increasing serum HDL (good) cholesterol levels. Oxidative stress can cause cell damage and lead to heart problems, and eating blackcurrants may help, as it has anti-inflammatory properties and can significantly reduce arterial pressure. The magnesium content in them also helps with heart health. Heart disease is quite serious and must be diagnosed promptly. Check with your doctor from time to time and seek treatment if needed.

Potential Uses of Black Currants in Diabetes Management:

Blackcurrants contain high amounts of manganese, an important mineral that helps regulate blood sugar levels. Phytochemicals in black currants can improve insulin sensitivity, and anthocyanins can block the activity of carbohydrate-metabolizing enzymes and slow down the rapid breakdown of carbohydrates, thus regulating blood sugar levels. However, the potential benefits of black currants require further research, and people with diabetes must follow the instructions of a qualified physician.

Potential uses of black currants for the liver :

Black currants are a polyphenol-rich food that effectively protects structural lipids and proteins. Blackcurrants cannot be considered a reliable treatment for liver disease, but they may help support healthy liver function.

How to use blackcurrants?

Blackcurrants can be consumed in many forms such as:

  • Fresh fruits
  • dried fruit
  • Blackcurrant tea and infusion
  • dessert
  • pudding
  • jam
  • jelly
  • syrup
  • Smoothies
  • Savory dishes
  • yogurt
  • Mojito
  • alcoholic beverages
  • blackcurrant seed oil

Blackcurrants are delicious, can be eaten in many forms, and are part of many sweet or savory dishes. Adding sugar or honey makes the taste sweeter and can be made into a dessert. They are also used to make jams and syrups. Blackcurrant seed oil is very useful; it is rich in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, is effective against arthritis, and is used medicinally as a base or carrier oil. Due to its anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties, this oil is also used in the preparation of skin care products. It helps repair tissue damage, works wonders on acne and eczema, moisturizes skin, promotes hair growth, and leaves nails looking beautiful and moisturized.

It is necessary to consult a certified physician before taking any herbal supplements. Never stop using any medication you are taking or replace any medication you are taking with an Ayurvedic/herbal supplement without consulting a certified physician.

Blackcurrant side effects:

Blackcurrants are beneficial to your health and are considered safe when consumed within certain limits.

  • Allergies to blackcurrant are rare, but you may be allergic to blackcurrant if you are allergic to apricots, raspberries, or pollen. If you develop food allergy symptoms such as rash, skin irritation around your mouth, or nausea, talk to your doctor.
  • Blackcurrants can slow down blood clotting. People who take blood-thinning medications should not consume these medications or medications before surgery. Blackcurrant oil can increase the risk of bleeding in people with bleeding disorders.
  • It may lower blood pressure, so avoid blackcurrants if you have high blood pressure or are taking blood pressure-lowering medication.
  • Their vitamin C concentration is very high, which if not absorbed can cause gastrointestinal disturbances and may also lead to the formation of kidney stones.

Precautions when taking blackcurrant:

Blackcurrants should always be consumed in moderation as part of your daily diet. Excessive consumption can cause soft stools, mild diarrhea and flatulence. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, it is recommended to consult your doctor before consuming black currants.

People using blackcurrant seed oil for skin or hair must first do a patch test. It is important to avoid taking blackcurrant seed oil with anticoagulant medications and discuss the benefits and risks with your doctor beforehand.

Frequently asked questions:

Q1. Is it safe to eat black currants every day?

If you want to reap the health benefits of black currants, you must eat them every day. However, you must consume them only in recommended doses, and exceeding the daily intake may cause some side effects.

Q2. Can pregnant women eat blackcurrants?

Eating black currants during pregnancy is beneficial as it provides vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and many other nutrients essential for fetal and maternal development. However, to be on the safe side, you can consult your doctor.

Q3. Do black currants help with weight loss?

Black currants can help you stay full for longer. These may be healthy choices for people on a weight-control diet. More research and studies are ongoing to understand their full potential.

Q4. Can I eat blackcurrants before or after exercise?

You can eat blackcurrants before exercise as it provides enough energy and helps you reach your fitness goals faster, or you can eat blackcurrants after exercise as it improves blood flow.

Q5. Are blackcurrants high in vitamin C?

Yes, blackcurrants contain four times the vitamin C content of oranges.

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