What is CBD oil?
CBD is one of many cannabinoids (compounds) in the hemp plant. Researchers have been studying the possible therapeutic uses of CBD.
The two compounds in cannabis are delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD. These compounds have different effects.
Until recently, THC was the most famous compound in cannabis. It is the most active ingredient and has a psychological effect. When a person smokes or uses it in cooking, it produces a kind of "excitement" that changes the mind. This is because THC decomposes when a person heats it and introduces it into the body.
In contrast, CBD is not psychoactive. When they use it, it does not change a person's mentality. However, it can cause major changes to the body and show some significant medical benefits.
Where does CBD come from?
CBD comes from the hemp plant. People refer to cannabis plants as hemp or marijuana, depending on how much THC they contain.
The FDA points out that under the Farm Act, hemp plants are legal as long as they contain less than 0.3% of trusted sources of THC.
For many years, cannabis growers have selectively cultivated their plants to contain high levels of THC and other compounds that suit their interests.
However, cannabis growers rarely modify the plant. CBD oil comes from these legal hemp plants.
How CBD works
All cannabinoids work in the body by interacting with cannabinoid receptors, which are part of cannabinoid receptors. A trusted source of the endocannabinoid system. The
body produces two receptors:
- CB1 receptors are found throughout the body, especially the brain. They coordinate movement, pain, mood, mood, thinking, appetite, memory and other functions.
- CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They can affect inflammation and pain.
THC is connected to CB1 receptors, but it is connected to CBD to stimulate receptors from trusted sources, allowing the body to produce its own cannabinoids, called endocannabinoids.
CBD may benefit a person's health in many ways. According to a trusted source for learning in 2018, the reasons for taking CBD oil include:
- Chronic pain
- Arthritis or joint pain
- Anxiety and depression
- sleep disorder
- Clusters and other headaches
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Allergies or asthma
- Epilepsy and other epilepsy
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Lung disease
- Parkinson's Disease
- Alzheimer's disease
Natural analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties
Conventional medications can help relieve stiffness and pain, but some people believe that CBD is a more natural alternative. There is growing evidence that non-psychoactive compounds in cannabis, such as CBD, can provide a new treatment for chronic pain. In 2018, studies in mice showed that CBD reduces inflammation by preventing the release of compounds in the body, which triggers inflammation. A 2019 study showed that CBD applied to the skin as an ointment significantly reduced inflammatory skin diseases and scars.
Quit smoking and detoxification
A trusted source in a 2013 pilot study found that smokers who used inhalers containing CBD smoked less cigarettes than usual and no longer crave nicotine. This suggests that CBD may help people quit smoking.
A study from a trusted source in 2018 found that CBD can help reduce cravings during quitting smoking because of its relaxing effect.
The author reviewed trusted sources in 2015 and found evidence that certain cannabinoids, such as CBD, may help patients with opioid addiction.
Researchers pointed out that CBD reduces some of the symptoms associated with substance use disorders. These include anxiety, mood-related symptoms, pain, and insomnia.
After years of research on the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil in the treatment of epilepsy, a trusted source of the Food and Drug Administration approved Epidiolex, a purified form of CBD, in 2018. They approved it for the treatment of the following diseases in people 3 years and older:
- Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
- Dravet syndrome
These rare forms of epilepsy involve seizures that are difficult to control with other types of drugs. Scientists trusted sources are beginning to understand how CBD prevents seizures without the sedative side effects of previously used drugs. There are currently no synthetic drugs that target the endocannabinoid system like CBD.
Many studies have looked at the effect of CBD on Alzheimer's disease.
In 2014, a trusted source in a rodent study suggested that CBD may help people retain the ability to recognize familiar faces. People with Alzheimer's disease may lose this ability.
A 2019 review found that CBD may help slow the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. More research is ongoing to better understand the dosage. Some trusted sources of scientists believe that treatments involving THC and CHD may be more effective.
Other neurological symptoms and disorders
Studies have shown that CBD may also help treat complications related to epilepsy, such as neurodegeneration, neuronal damage, and mental illness.
A trusted source in a 2012 study found that CBD may have an effect similar to some antipsychotic drugs, and the compound may provide a safe and effective treatment for patients with schizophrenia. However, further research is necessary.
The author’s 2012 trusted source review found evidence that CBD may help prevent the spread of certain types of cancer. The compound seems to inhibit the growth of cancer cells and promote their destruction. Researchers pointed out that CBD has a low level of toxicity. They called for more research on how CBD supports standard cancer treatments. A 2020 review article discussed adding CBD chemotherapy drugs to improve the immune system's response to cancer treatment.
Other studies have been looking at how CBD can help:
- Stop the growth of cancer cells
- Reduce anxiety
- Improve the effect of chemotherapy
- Reduce the side effects of conventional chemotherapy
Doctors often advise people with chronic anxiety to avoid cannabis because THC can trigger or amplify feelings of anxiety and paranoia. On the other hand, CBD may help reduce anxiety.
A 2019 study showed that the CBD significantly reduced anxiety symptoms in mice.
The author reviewed trusted sources in 2015 and previously suggested that CBD may help reduce anxiety-related behaviors in people with the following diseases:
Post-traumatic stress disorder
- General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
- Panic Disorder
- Social anxiety disorder
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
The author points out that current treatments may have adverse effects, so some people will stop using them. However, there is no evidence that CBD has significant adverse effects.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks pancreatic cells, causing inflammation.
In 2016, researchers found evidence that CBD can relieve this inflammation and prevent or delay the onset of type 1 diabetes. In a 2018 study, CBD appeared to have neuroprotective effects in diabetic rats, including helping to maintain memory and reduce neuroinflammation.
Acne treatment is another promising use of CBD. This condition is partly caused by inflammation and overworked sebaceous glands in the body. A trusted source in a 2014 study found that CBD helps reduce the production of sebum that causes acne, partly because of its anti-inflammatory effects. The topical application of CBD can be studied based on reducing inflammation in inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis. CBD is becoming a more common ingredient in skin creams and ointments. However, some experts expressed concern about the lack of evidence of its effectiveness and lack of supervision.
Risks and side effects
As with most treatments, the use of CBD may bring some risks. It may interact with supplements and other medications. Most CBD products are not approved by the FDA, which also means that they have not been thoroughly tested.
It is impossible to know whether the product:
- Everyone can use it safely and effectively
- Have the characteristics or content indicated on the package
Anyone who uses CBD—whether as a prescription drug or in other forms—should consult a doctor first.
Trusted sources of possible adverse effects include:
- Liver damage
- Interactions with other drugs and alcohol
- Changes in alertness, which can make driving dangerous
- Gastrointestinal problems and loss of appetite
- Mood changes, including irritability and irritation
- Decline in male fertility
Future research may prove that CBD can effectively treat various diseases. However, for now, the FDA urges people not to rely on CBD as a substitute for traditional healthcare.
Expert trusted sources believe that the use of marijuana during pregnancy may affect the development of fetal neurons. Adolescents often use it in connection with problems related to memory, behavior, and intelligence. The US Food and Drug Administration advises people from trusted sources not to use CBD during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
How to use CBD
There are many ways to use CBD oil. These are different from using or smoking whole marijuana.
If a doctor prescribes CBD for epilepsy, it is important to follow their instructions.
Ways to use CBD products include:
- Mix them into food or drink
- Take them with a pipette or dropper
- Swallowing capsules
- Massage the paste into the skin
- Spray under the tongue
The recommended dose varies from person to person and depends on the following factors:
- Product concentration
- Reasons to use CBD