炎症:你需要知道的

What is inflammation?

Inflammation happens to everyone, whether you realize it or not. Your immune system produces inflammation to protect your body from infection, injury, or disease. There are many things that cannot be cured without inflammation.

Sometimes with autoimmune diseases, such as certain types of arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease, your immune system attacks healthy cells.

There are two main types of inflammation:

  • Acute inflammation is usually short-lived (but often severe). It usually resolves in two weeks or less. Symptoms appear quickly. This type can restore your body to the state it was in before injury or illness.
  • Chronic inflammation is a slower and usually less severe form of inflammation. It usually lasts more than six weeks. It can occur even in the absence of injury and does not always end when the illness or injury heals. Chronic inflammation has been linked to autoimmune diseases and even chronic stress.

symptoms of inflammation

  • hot
  • pain
  • redness
  • swelling
  • loss of function

Your specific symptoms depend on where the inflammation is in your body and what's causing it.

Long-term inflammation can cause a variety of symptoms and affect your body in a variety of ways. Common symptoms of chronic inflammation include:

  • body pain
  • persistent fatigue and insomnia
  • Depression, anxiety and other mood disorders
  • Gastrointestinal problems, such as constipation, diarrhea, and acid reflux
  • weight gain
  • frequent infections

Common symptoms of inflammation

Symptoms may also vary depending on conditions that have an inflammatory component.

For example, in some autoimmune diseases, your immune system affects your skin, causing a rash. In other types, it attacks specific glands, affecting hormone levels in the body.

In rheumatoid arthritis, your immune system attacks your joints. You may encounter:

  • Joint pain, swelling, stiffness, or loss of joint function
  • fatigue
  • numbness and tingling
  • limited range of motion

In inflammatory bowel disease, inflammation occurs in the digestive tract. Some common symptoms include:

  • diarrhea
  • Stomach pain, cramping, or bloating
  • weight loss and anemia
  • bleeding ulcer

In multiple sclerosis, your body attacks the myelin sheath. This is the protective layer of nerve cells. You may encounter:

  • Numbness and tingling on one side of your arm, leg, or face
  • balance issue
  • Double vision, blurred vision, or partial vision loss
  • fatigue
  • Cognitive problems, such as brain fog

causes of inflammation

Many factors can cause inflammation, such as:
  • Chronic and acute diseases
  • certain drugs
  • Exposure to irritants or foreign objects that your body cannot easily remove

Repeated episodes of acute inflammation can also lead to chronic inflammatory responses.

There are also certain types of foods that can cause or worsen inflammation in people with autoimmune diseases.

These foods include:

  • sugar
  • refined carbohydrates
  • Alcohol
  • processed meat
  • Trans fat

How is inflammation diagnosed?

No single test can diagnose inflammation or the conditions that cause inflammation. Instead, depending on your symptoms, your doctor may give you any of the following tests to make a diagnosis.

blood test

There are so-called markers that can help diagnose inflammation in the body. However, these markers are nonspecific, meaning abnormal levels can indicate a problem, but not that there is anything wrong.

Serum protein electrophoresis (SPE)

SPE is considered the best way to confirm chronic inflammation from a trusted source. It measures certain proteins in the liquid portion of the blood to identify any problems. Too much or too little of these proteins could point to markers of inflammation and other diseases.

C-reactive protein (CRP)

CRP is produced naturally in the liver in response to inflammation. You may have high levels of CRP in your blood due to a variety of inflammatory conditions.

Although this test is very sensitive to inflammation, it does not help differentiate between acute and chronic inflammation, as CRP is elevated during both. High levels combined with certain symptoms can help your doctor make a diagnosis.

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

The ESR test is sometimes called a sedimentation rate test. This test measures inflammation indirectly by measuring the rate at which red blood cells sink in blood tubes. The faster they sink, the more likely you are to develop inflammation.

ESR testing is rarely done on its own because it does not help pinpoint the specific cause of inflammation. Instead, it helps your doctor determine if inflammation is occurring. It also helps them monitor your condition.

plasma viscosity

This test measures the thickness of the blood. Inflammation or infection can thicken the plasma.

Other blood tests

If your doctor thinks the inflammation is caused by a virus or bacteria, they may order other specific tests. In this case, your doctor can discuss with you what to expect.

Other diagnostic tests

If you have certain symptoms—for example, chronic diarrhea or numbness on one side of your face—your doctor may order imaging tests to examine certain parts of your body or brain. MRI and X-rays are commonly used.

To diagnose inflammatory gastrointestinal disease, your doctor may perform a procedure that examines the interior parts of your digestive tract. These tests can include:

  • colonoscopy
  • sigmoidoscopy
  • upper gastrointestinal endoscopy
Home Remedies to Reduce Inflammation

Sometimes, fighting inflammation is as simple as changing your diet. By avoiding sugar, trans fats, and processed foods, you can put yourself on the path to feeling better.

There are also foods that can actually fight inflammation.

anti-inflammatory foods

  • berries and cherries
  • Fatty fish, such as salmon or mackerel
  • broccoli
  • avocado
  • green tea
  • Mushrooms, such as portobello and shiitake
  • Spices, such as turmeric, ginger, and cloves
  • tomato

You can further help reduce inflammation by doing the following:

  • Take supplements. Your doctor can help you decide which is best and safest for you.
  • Use heat or cold therapy on physical injuries to reduce swelling and discomfort.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Manage and reduce your stress levels. Try these 16 tips to get started.
  • Quit smoking. These apps can help.
  • Treat and manage any pre-existing conditions.

Other treatment options for inflammation

If your inflammation is caused by an underlying autoimmune disease, your treatment options will be different.

For general symptoms of inflammation, your doctor may recommend several options:

NSAIDs and aspirin

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often the first line of defense for short-term pain and inflammation. Most can be purchased over the counter.

Common NSAIDs include:

  • aspirin
  • Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Midol)
  • Naproxen (Aleve)

Prescription varieties also exist, such as diclofenac, which your doctor may prescribe to treat acute inflammation or certain medical conditions.

NSAIDs are very effective against inflammation, but some interactions and side effects can occur, especially with long-term use. Be sure to tell your doctor about other medications you are taking and if you have any side effects while taking NSAIDs.

corticosteroids

Corticosteroids are a type of steroid commonly used to treat swelling and inflammation, as well as allergic reactions.

Corticosteroids usually come in the form of nasal sprays or oral tablets.

Talk to your doctor while taking corticosteroids. Long-term use can cause side effects and some interactions may occur.

Topical analgesics and other ointments

Topical analgesics are commonly used for acute or chronic pain. They may have fewer side effects than their oral counterparts.

Topical creams and products can contain different medications. Some are prescription only, so it's best to check with your doctor. This is especially true if you're dealing with long-term inflammation, such as arthritis.

Some topical medications contain nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as diclofenac or ibuprofen. This is helpful for people with inflammation and pain in specific body parts.

Other topical creams may contain natural ingredients with anti-inflammatory properties.

Be sure not to use topical creams that are only effective for pain, such as capsaicin.

Review

All comments are moderated before being published

HealthyPIG Magazine

View all
銀杏:從古樹到現代補充品 - 探索葉子、功效和用途

銀杏:從古樹到現代補充品 - 探索葉子、功效和用途

什麼是銀杏? 銀杏 (Ginkgo biloba) 是一種獨特而古老的樹種,是銀杏目中唯一倖存的成員,其歷史可以追溯到 2 億多年前。 獨特的扇形銀杏葉原產於中國、日本和韓國,廣泛用於生產膳食補充劑和萃取物。 它們含有高水平的抗氧化劑,如類黃酮和萜類化合物,據稱具有改善認知功能、改善循環、抗發...
什麼是左旋谷氨酰胺? 好處和副作用

什麼是左旋谷氨酰胺? 好處和副作用

什麼是L-谷氨酰胺? 左旋谷氨酰胺 (L-麩醯胺酸) (L-Glutamine) 是蛋白質合成中的關鍵胺基酸。 它是體液中最豐富的氨基酸。 生物活性形式是 L-麩醯胺酸,而 D-麩醯胺酸較不重要。 它被認為是有條件必需的,這意味著在壓力或疾病期間可能需要從飲食中補充額外的量。 L-麩醯胺酸的來...
什麼是MCT油? 你需要知道的一切

什麼是MCT油? 你需要知道的一切

MCT 油 (MCT oil) 是一種由中鏈三酸甘油酯製成的膳食補充劑,中鏈三酸甘油酯是一種較小且易於消化的飽和脂肪酸。 它是通過稱為分餾的過程從椰子油或棕櫚仁油中提取的。 MCT油含有己酸、辛酸和癸酸。 與長鏈脂肪不同,MCT 可以被肝臟快速吸收和代謝,為大腦提供即時能量或酮作為替代燃料來源...
如何選擇除濕機?

如何選擇除濕機?

以下是根據您的需求選擇合適的除濕機的一些關鍵提示: 確定所需的尺寸和容量 測量您想要除濕的空間的平方英尺。 較大的空間需要更高容量的除濕機。 評估濕度水平 - 與中等潮濕的房間(每天 8-12 品脫)相比,非常潮濕的空間(例如地下室)需要更高的容量單位(每天 12-32 品脫)。 考慮與房間...
什麼是低筋麵粉? 可以用什麼代替?

什麼是低筋麵粉? 可以用什麼代替?

低筋麵粉即蛋糕粉 (cake flour),是特細或超細麵粉,在澳洲作為餅乾粉 (biscuit flour) 或糕點粉 (pastry flour) ,是一種由軟質小麥製成的精細研磨麵粉,蛋白質含量較低,通常約 7-9%。 它具有幾個獨特的特性,使其成為烘焙蛋糕的理想選擇: 什麼是蛋糕粉? ...
忌廉有哪些不同種類?

忌廉有哪些不同種類?

忌廉有多種類型,每種都有不同的脂肪含量和烹飪用途: 濃奶油 (heavy cream) 脂肪含量最高,通常約36-40%。 它非常適合製作生奶油以及為醬汁和甜點。 鮮奶油 (Whipping cream) 與濃奶油類似,但脂肪含量略低,約 30-36%。 它用於製作鮮奶油,也可以添加到湯和醬汁...
如何判斷忌廉是否壞了?

如何判斷忌廉是否壞了?

忌廉的保存期限有多長? 根據 FDA 的規定,忌廉 (奶油) 是乳脂含量至少 36% 的奶油。它可以進行巴氏殺菌、超巴氏殺菌和均質化。應存放在華氏40度或以下的冰箱中。若經過超巴氏殺菌並正確處理,未開封時可保存長達 30 天,開封後可保存 7 天。要檢查它是否新鮮或安全,請品嚐它,尋找變質的跡...
什麼是加碘鹽?

什麼是加碘鹽?

什麼是加碘鹽? 碘鹽是用碘強化的食鹽。 碘是人體產生甲狀腺激素所需的重要微量營養素,而甲狀腺激素對於調節新陳代謝和其他重要的身體功能至關重要。缺碘會導致甲狀腺疾病,如甲狀腺腫、甲狀腺功能低下和發育問題,尤其是孕婦和嬰兒。 為了解決這個缺陷,許多國家實施了加碘計劃,在食鹽製造過程中添加少量碘化鉀...
什麼是巴斯克焦香芝士蛋糕? 附有食譜

什麼是巴斯克焦香芝士蛋糕? 附有食譜

巴斯克焦起司蛋糕 (Basque Burnt Cheesecake),是一種獨特美味的甜點,起源於西班牙巴斯克地區。 與通常光滑且奶油狀的傳統芝士蛋糕不同,巴斯克燒焦芝士蛋糕具有焦糖化的、幾乎焦糖狀的外部和奶油狀的蛋奶凍內部。這款起司蛋糕僅由幾種基本成分製成:奶油乳酪、糖、雞蛋、濃奶油和少量麵...