什麼是白樺茸? 用途,益處和副作用

What is Chaga?

Chaga, scientific name Inonotus obliquus, is a fungus that grows mainly on birch trees in cold climates, especially in areas such as Siberia, Alaska and northern Canada.

It has been used in traditional medical practices for centuries, especially in Siberia and other parts of Russia, where it is often brewed into a tea or decoction. Chaga mushrooms are prized for their potential health benefits, as they are rich in antioxidants such as polysaccharides and phenolic compounds. These antioxidants may help support immune function, reduce inflammation, and prevent oxidative stress. Additionally, Chaga mushrooms are considered adaptable, meaning they can help the body cope better with stress. Chaga supplements have gained popularity around the world in recent years, with supporters touting its potential to support overall health and well-being. However, more research is needed to fully understand the extent of their benefits and how they interact with the human body.

traditional use

Chaga has been used in folk medicine and herbal medicine since the 16th century, especially in Eastern European countries. It has been used to treat a variety of diseases such as cancer, gastritis, ulcers, and bone tuberculosis. Chaga is known for its rich content of secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds and melanin, which have antioxidant, anti-tumor and immune-enhancing properties. However, due to its limited distribution and slow growth, chaga is considered rare. In 1958, Finnish and Russian scientists discovered its potential in preventing various cancers, diabetes and high blood pressure.

health benefits

Prevent liver damage

Chaga may also prevent or reduce certain liver diseases. One study found that chaga extract protected liver tissue from the effects of tetrabutyl hydroperoxide, a chemical known to cause liver damage. However, it remains uncertain whether Chaga extract will have the same effects in human trials.

The antioxidants in chaga may also reduce oxidative stress, which can exacerbate chronic liver diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Support immune system

Chaga contains beta-glucan, a naturally occurring carbohydrate that may boost your immune defenses.
Other early studies in mice suggest that chaga extract may also help regulate the production of cytokines, which stimulate blood cells and enhance the immune system's communication methods. This can help fight infections from mild colds to more serious illnesses. However, more research is needed to confirm the link between Chaga and cytokine production.

Reduce inflammation

Inflammation is a natural immune response to harmful stimuli such as pathogens or injury. It causes swelling, redness, warmth, and pain, but plays a vital role in protecting against infection and injury. However, chronic inflammation can lead to diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Lifestyle factors such as diet, stress, and exercise can affect the level of inflammation.

According to research on Chaga and cytokines, Chaga extract can help prevent the production of harmful cytokines and reduce inflammation in the body.

Animal and test-tube studies show Chaga extract shows potential to improve immunity by reducing inflammation and fighting harmful bacteria and viruses. It promotes the production of cytokines and enhances the function of white blood cells to fight infection.

Chaga has been shown to prevent the production of harmful cytokines that lead to inflammation and disease. In mice, chaga extract reduced inflammation and intestinal damage by inhibiting inflammatory cytokines.

prevent cancer

Researchers are beginning to explore Chaga's potential to prevent cancer or slow its growth. Chaga is rich in antioxidants, which prevent cell damage caused by free radicals or oxidative stress. Oxidative stress can lead to cancer and many other health problems.

In animal and test-tube studies, chaga shows promise in preventing and slowing the growth of cancer. In mice with cancer, Chaga supplements reduced tumor size by 60%. Test-tube studies have also found that chaga extract inhibits the growth of liver, lung, breast, prostate and colon cancer cells. This is thought to be due to the high antioxidant content in Chaga, specifically triterpenes, which have been shown to kill cancer cells. However, it's worth noting that more research is needed to fully understand chaga's potential to treat cancer.

lower blood sugar

Animal studies show Chaga can lower blood sugar levels and aid in diabetes management. A study in obese, diabetic mice found that chaga extract reduced blood sugar levels and insulin resistance. Another study showed that diabetic mice who took chaga supplements had reduced blood sugar levels.

Disadvantages and side effects

Chaga is generally well tolerated. However, as with other supplements, chaga health risks may include unexpected side effects. No human studies have been conducted to determine its safety or appropriate dosage. In fact, chaga can interact with some common medications, causing potentially harmful effects. Additionally, Chaga is not regulated by the FDA.

Affect blood sugar

Chaga can lower blood sugar and may pose a risk to people on insulin or those with diabetes.

Blood affects fluid coagulation

Chaga also contains a protein that prevents blood clotting. This may interfere with blood clotting. People who have a bleeding disorder , are taking blood-thinning medications, have a bleeding disorder, or are preparing for surgery should avoid using chaga.

kidney stone risk

Chaga increases the risk of kidney stones due to its high oxalate content. Avoid taking Chaga if you have kidney disease, a history of, or are at risk for kidney stones.

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