什麼是白樺茸? 用途,益處和副作用

What is Chaga?

Chaga, scientific name Inonotus obliquus, is a fungus that grows mainly on birch trees in cold climates, especially in areas such as Siberia, Alaska and northern Canada.

It has been used in traditional medical practices for centuries, especially in Siberia and other parts of Russia, where it is often brewed into a tea or decoction. Chaga mushrooms are prized for their potential health benefits, as they are rich in antioxidants such as polysaccharides and phenolic compounds. These antioxidants may help support immune function, reduce inflammation, and prevent oxidative stress. Additionally, Chaga mushrooms are considered adaptable, meaning they can help the body cope better with stress. Chaga supplements have gained popularity around the world in recent years, with supporters touting its potential to support overall health and well-being. However, more research is needed to fully understand the extent of their benefits and how they interact with the human body.

traditional use

Chaga has been used in folk medicine and herbal medicine since the 16th century, especially in Eastern European countries. It has been used to treat a variety of diseases such as cancer, gastritis, ulcers, and bone tuberculosis. Chaga is known for its rich content of secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds and melanin, which have antioxidant, anti-tumor and immune-enhancing properties. However, due to its limited distribution and slow growth, chaga is considered rare. In 1958, Finnish and Russian scientists discovered its potential in preventing various cancers, diabetes and high blood pressure.

health benefits

Prevent liver damage

Chaga may also prevent or reduce certain liver diseases. One study found that chaga extract protected liver tissue from the effects of tetrabutyl hydroperoxide, a chemical known to cause liver damage. However, it remains uncertain whether Chaga extract will have the same effects in human trials.

The antioxidants in chaga may also reduce oxidative stress, which can exacerbate chronic liver diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Support immune system

Chaga contains beta-glucan, a naturally occurring carbohydrate that may boost your immune defenses.
Other early studies in mice suggest that chaga extract may also help regulate the production of cytokines, which stimulate blood cells and enhance the immune system's communication methods. This can help fight infections from mild colds to more serious illnesses. However, more research is needed to confirm the link between Chaga and cytokine production.

Reduce inflammation

Inflammation is a natural immune response to harmful stimuli such as pathogens or injury. It causes swelling, redness, warmth, and pain, but plays a vital role in protecting against infection and injury. However, chronic inflammation can lead to diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Lifestyle factors such as diet, stress, and exercise can affect the level of inflammation.

According to research on Chaga and cytokines, Chaga extract can help prevent the production of harmful cytokines and reduce inflammation in the body.

Animal and test-tube studies show Chaga extract shows potential to improve immunity by reducing inflammation and fighting harmful bacteria and viruses. It promotes the production of cytokines and enhances the function of white blood cells to fight infection.

Chaga has been shown to prevent the production of harmful cytokines that lead to inflammation and disease. In mice, chaga extract reduced inflammation and intestinal damage by inhibiting inflammatory cytokines.

prevent cancer

Researchers are beginning to explore Chaga's potential to prevent cancer or slow its growth. Chaga is rich in antioxidants, which prevent cell damage caused by free radicals or oxidative stress. Oxidative stress can lead to cancer and many other health problems.

In animal and test-tube studies, chaga shows promise in preventing and slowing the growth of cancer. In mice with cancer, Chaga supplements reduced tumor size by 60%. Test-tube studies have also found that chaga extract inhibits the growth of liver, lung, breast, prostate and colon cancer cells. This is thought to be due to the high antioxidant content in Chaga, specifically triterpenes, which have been shown to kill cancer cells. However, it's worth noting that more research is needed to fully understand chaga's potential to treat cancer.

lower blood sugar

Animal studies show Chaga can lower blood sugar levels and aid in diabetes management. A study in obese, diabetic mice found that chaga extract reduced blood sugar levels and insulin resistance. Another study showed that diabetic mice who took chaga supplements had reduced blood sugar levels.

Disadvantages and side effects

Chaga is generally well tolerated. However, as with other supplements, chaga health risks may include unexpected side effects. No human studies have been conducted to determine its safety or appropriate dosage. In fact, chaga can interact with some common medications, causing potentially harmful effects. Additionally, Chaga is not regulated by the FDA.

Affect blood sugar

Chaga can lower blood sugar and may pose a risk to people on insulin or those with diabetes.

Blood affects fluid coagulation

Chaga also contains a protein that prevents blood clotting. This may interfere with blood clotting. People who have a bleeding disorder , are taking blood-thinning medications, have a bleeding disorder, or are preparing for surgery should avoid using chaga.

kidney stone risk

Chaga increases the risk of kidney stones due to its high oxalate content. Avoid taking Chaga if you have kidney disease, a history of, or are at risk for kidney stones.


All comments are moderated before being published

HealthyPIG Magazine

View all


👆🏻按鈕訂閱youtube頻道 感謝! 鋁在全球許多廚房中都是一種不可或缺的材料,因其多功能性和實用性而廣受歡迎。從鋁箔(石紙)到炊具 (廚具),它的存在幾乎無處不在。然而,關於鋁暴露的健康風險的討論引起了更多的關注。本文探討了鋁在廚房中的使用、潛在的健康問題、實際問題、注意原因、應避免的...


什麼是夢擾症? 夢擾症(Parasomnia)是一類睡眠障礙,特徵係喺睡眠期間或者睡眠-醒覺過渡期間出現異常嘅行為、動作、情感、感知或者生理事件。以下係啲常見例子: 非快速眼動(Non-REM)夢擾症 呢啲發生喺非快速眼動(Non-REM)睡眠階段: 夢遊症:喺訓著嘅時候起身行來...


香印提子,(學名:Shine Muscat) 又名陽光玫瑰和晴王麝香葡萄 香印提子是由日本國家農業和食品研究組織(NARO)培育和註冊的葡萄品種,註冊名為「葡萄諾林21號」。該品種起源於廣島,近年來因其獨特特性迅速走紅,成為日本主要葡萄品種之一。香印提子因其「帶皮食用」、「無籽」、「粒大」和「...


秋葵是一種主要在溫暖和熱帶氣候地區種植的蔬菜作物,例如非洲和南亞。 它的外形獨特,長條狀,因此也被稱為"Lady's Finger"。 秋葵主要有兩種顏色 - 紅色和綠色,兩者味道相同,紅色的秋葵煮熟後會變綠。 營養價值 秋葵熱量低,每100克約33-40卡路里。 富含膳食纖維、維生素A...


薯仔麵是一種韓國傳統的即食麵,主要原料是馬鈴薯澱粉製成的麵條。它有以下特點: 麵條口感彈有嚼勁,與一般麵條有所不同。 常見的口味有原味、辣味等,有些品牌會推出限定口味。 通常以袋裝或杯裝形式出售,方便食用。 除了麵條外,還會附有調味包,如辣椒粉、蔬菜粉等。 屬於較為健康的即食麵選擇,因為主要...


菠菜苗,即菠菜植物的嫩芽和嫩莖,在獨特的風味和出色的營養價值方面越來越受到人們的喜愛。儘管與成熟的菠菜葉相比經常被忽視,但菠菜苗提供了許多健康益處和烹飪可能性,值得關注。 營養價值 儘管體積小,菠菜苗卻是營養豐富的。它們富含維生素C、維生素K、維生素A、葉酸、鐵和鉀等必要的維生素和礦物質。此外...
菠菜禁忌 - 菠菜不能與什麼一起吃?

菠菜禁忌 - 菠菜不能與什麼一起吃?

菠菜的營養價值 菠菜,作為一種營養豐富的蔬菜,被廣泛認可為健康飲食的一部分。它含有豐富的維生素A、維生素C、鐵、鎂和纖維,這些營養素對於促進免疫系統、預防貧血和維持消化功能至關重要。然而,雖然菠菜對我們的健康有益,但它也有一些需要注意的禁忌,特別是在與其他食物一起食用時。 與其他食物的相容性 ...
怎麼做刀削麵: 卡路里和營養

怎麼做刀削麵: 卡路里和營養

刀削麵,是中國美食中常見的一種麵條,特別是在中國山西地區。這些麵條是手工製作的,使用特殊的刀將麵團切成條狀,直接放入沸水中。由此產生的麵條形狀不規則,粗細和長度各異,並且通常具有耐嚼的質地。刀削麵通常用於湯或炒菜,以其獨特的外觀和質地而聞名。 背景 刀切面誕生於元代,當時刀具被沒收,促使人們使...


什麼是擔擔麵? 擔擔面,又稱擔擔面,是起源於中國川菜的麵食。這道菜通常由麵條和由辣椒油、四川花椒、豬肉末、醃製蔬菜製成的辛辣可口的醬汁組成,有時還有花生醬或芝麻醬。 「擔擔」這個名字是指街頭小販賣麵和醬時用的擔子。擔擔麵以其大膽的口味而聞名,包括川菜特有的麻辣味,是國內外流行的街頭小吃和餐廳菜...